Not a long time ago, Google had only two operating systems.
Later, Google developed a new operating system called ‘Fuchsia’.
What is Fuchsia?
Fuchsia is a cross-device, cross-platform and open-source operating system from Google. The Android and Chrome OS are based on Linux kernel, whereas Fuchsia is based on a new microkernel called ‘Zircon’(derived from operating system ‘Little Kernel’). Zircon is previously known as Magenta. Fuchsia is written in the mix of languages C, C++, Dart, Go, Python, Rust, Shell and Swift. The initial release was on 15 August 2016 on GitHub.
Advanatages of Fuchsia
1. Free and open source
Fuchsia is developed as an open source program. Which means that the licesnse is available for free to developers.
2. Graphical User Interface
Fuchsia currently provides two different layouts, mobile design called ‘Armadillo’ and the traditional desktop design known as ‘Capybara’. The mobile design will drop the App Drawer and a shortcut model for a combined view of all recent apps, quick settings, Google Feed etc. The desktop design is still work in progress, using a taskbar that contains only time at right side, a placeholder for quick setting, and something like the start button at left side.
3. Cross-device OS
In today’s world, almost everyone has multiple devices like phone, desktop, laptop, tablet etc., Google is attempting to run Fuchsia in all devices simultaneously. Maintaining progress and context are some of the challenges with this implementation. If you have signed in with your Google Account on Fuchsia, then your applications get saved automatically across all the devices that are signed in with the same account. In Fuchsia, Google uses ledger as distributed storage, and everything is stored in cloud.
4. Split-Screen Mode
Fuchsia provides another new feature called ‘Split-screen mode’. Split-screen mode occurs when we drag one app onto another app, then we will enter split-screen mode with those all merged apps by taking up the top and bottom portions as per our linking takes place. We can add any number of apps into this group in order to use them all at once.
Fuchsia provides more security than Android as encrypted user keys are built into the software to ensure that the information is protected every time there is an update in the software.
Armadillo – Mobile layout
Capybara – Desktop layout
In short, Fuchsia is Google’s attempt to unite the entire digital world under a single operating system. Not only it will look the same across a range of devices like various digital gadgets, PC, mobile phones etc., it is also designed to better accommodate voice interactions and provide more frequent security updates. We have to wait and watch to see whether Fuchsia would replace Android and Chrome OS or it would just become a part of them.
Android is the most used Mobile OS and it has gained so much popularity today that there is no single place where Android is not used. Especially popular with Smartphones, Android supports most of the applications in smartphones without the support of any third-party applications.
Life has become much easier and advanced through these applications. Now, you can get everything (weather updates, latest news, sending e-mails, messaging, video chatting, conference calls, downloads, navigation, deals, nearby locations, entertainment and what not!) at a single place and within your comfort zone.
Why Android became so popular?
Android (owned by Google) is a Linux based Operating System designed for touch screen mobile phones. There are so many Android devices available in the market today. Companies like Samsung, HTC, and Motorola are few of the major competitors that make (or made) use of Android platform in their devices. Ability to customize the code (Android is based on the open-source platform) is the major advantage of Android that makes it outstanding when compared to other OSs.
Android phones give a real-life experience to the end-user. Faster multitasking, better system performance by optimizing memory, improved touchscreen, fresh design, quick response and ease of use are some of the features that gained Android its popularity.
The Adoption rate of Android into Smartphones and other devices
Android is the most used mobile OS today. As of July 2013, around 1 million Android Apps were published in Google Play store and there were around 50 billion downloads of only Android Apps. Selling figures indicate that Android devices were mostly sold in 2012, 2013, and 2014 than any other mobile devices.
Google revealed that there were around 540 million active users (who are using the Android mobile for the last 30 days) in 2013 which rose to almost 1 billion by 2014. A developer survey conducted in May 2013 indicates that 75% of mobile developers developed using Android OS.
By December 2019, the market share of Android OS stands at 74% of the total market. Android’s competitor, iOS stand at the second position in the list with a market share of 24%.
Among various Android versions, Android 9.0 Pie has the most market share with a percentage of 41.86 (January 2020). 8.1 Oreo stands in the second position.
The Open Source Linux Community let developers build powerful and innovative applications using the latest mobile technologies.
Android is not only widely used in field of smartphones, it has also gained popularity in various other areas like Gadgets (example, wristwatch that incorporates MP3 player, GPS tracker, breath and heartbeat rate), Home Appliances (example, television, refrigerators, washing machine etc), and Automobiles (example, carmakers have designed Android-based Infotainment systems that have voice-controlled navigation system, browser and an app store)
The evolution of Android
Google always tried to introduce more powerful and user-friendly features in every release of Android. New Interface, better runtime for apps and more security are some of its major features that always got un upgradation during every new release.
Better Visual Appearance
The visual appearance of Android has become more colourful and animated throughout the past years. The transition between screens, clicks, and navigation buttons have become more user-friendly.
The overlay notification has helped users to keep an eye on what’s new on their devices. It not only helps them to read new messages and call details but also easily access notification from the application of their choice. Due to the expansion of Android OS into other devices like a smartwatch, now notifications can be read just by looking at a watch on your wrist.
Battery life has much improved in every version of Android. Battery drain can be tracked with the battery saver mode and non-essential services can be turned off or run in set intervals for extended battery life.
Google’s framework “Google Fit” lets you keep track of your physical activity and food intake and give you alert regarding heart rate, breathing etc.
Unlocking your device in a secured environment is faster now. A feature called “personal unlocking” unlocks your phone automatically if you are in a pre-programmed location or if it recognizes your voice.
With the introduction of Google Assistant, Android smartphones have become more popular among users. Google assistant enable users to ‘command’ their smartphones without even touching it. The interactive workflow adopted by this virtual assistant made it superior to any other assistant, for example like Siri, which is less interactive in comparison.
Android in the last 10 years
Here are 4 powerful features that kept Android on the top list among competitors in the past 10 years.
Messaging has become even more friendly by unifying different features like emailing, SMS, instant messaging, video calling into a single platform. The transition between different methods of calling would be so smooth without having the hassles to handle different apps for each feature.
The latest version of Google Maps provides a greater level of customization based on input provided and recent searches made. Google Now and Google Latitude track your every step, you will find your favourite fun spot every weekend (based on your previous visits tracked by the app). With handy features, with few layers of polishing though, it will still be the best free solution available on mobiles.
Payments and Security
Payments, money transfer etc. has become easier in the last few years. The Google Authenticator communicates with your device’s NFC Chip to make automatic payments at your favourite restaurant or log you in to your Facebook account when you sit down at your laptop or even verify your identity using basic face recognition combined by fingerprint or retina scanning built into your device’s camera app.
Optimized displays, extended battery life, advanced mobile processors, better security are few of the major hardware innovations that played a big part in making Android the popular OS.
With the invent Google Assistant, you can just speak to make a call using voice recognition. It also helps in automatically finding the contact number and make the desired call or you can just mention to order some food from your favourite restaurant at a set time and it will take care of placing the order and making payments.
Not just that, you do not even need to check what you want to eat today as Google will track your entire day’s events and what you have been eating all day and based on this, it will suggest a menu. You don’t even need to take pictures, as Google will simply pick the best pictures based on its collection of your entire day’s activities.
With all the new exciting features and enhancements coming up, Android is ready to take things to a whole new level making the world even smaller and more comfortable place to live.